Science

Gaming Might Be Good For Childhood Development

Gaming Is Good For Child Development Gaming or playing video games has often been painted as a negative impact on younger children, hindering social growth and, in some cases, promoting violent tendencies. For the most part, these claims could hardly be further from the truth. In reality, there are a lot of developmental areas in […]

What Is Gaming Addiction And How To Spot It

Gaming Addiction For more than 90% of gamers out there, playing games is mainly treated as a great hobby. Gaming allows for entertainment, fun social interaction and at some points, even learning something new. Video games mostly act as a small escape from reality, allowing people to unwind and enjoy something they love. While that […]

Craik and Lockhart (theory)

Craik and Lockhart’s theory (1972) is the theory that repetition of information improves memorization only when the repetition is done in depth and for the purpose of semantically processing the material.  This theory is called ‘processing depth theory’. This duo of scientists (Fergus Craik and Robert Lockhart presented this model as an alternative to previous […]

Thalamus

The thalamus (plural: thalami) is the largest of the structures that are part of the diencephalon. The thalamus is practically located in the center of the brain. Function of the thalamus The thalamus acts as a relay center between the lower midbrain and the spinal cord and cerebral cortex. It receives and distributes information between the […]

Brainstem

The brainstem is located at the base of the brain and at the top of the spinal cord. It is composed of 3 sections in descending order: the midbrain, the pons and the medulla oblongata.   It is responsible for many vital life functions, such as breathing, consciousness, blood pressure, heart rate, and sleep.   […]

Neuroinflammation

Neuroinflammation is an inflammatory reaction that takes place in the brain in which molecules called cytokines are expressed. Tissues react in response to infection or the presence of a foreign body: this inflammatory reaction is characterized by redness or functional damage. The actors participating in these phenomena are the white blood cells (called leukocytes) produced […]

The neurotransmitter

The neurotransmitter, often called a chemical messenger, is a molecule used by the nervous system to transmit messages between neurons or from neurons to muscles. It is released at the end of neurons. The neurotransmitter is one of the main protagonists of synaptic transmission. More than fifty have been identified to date. Communication between two neurons occurs in […]

Neurons and their morphologies

Neurons (or nerve cells), fundamental units of the brain and nervous system, have different types and morphologies. Neurons are the basis of the functioning of the brain. They are surrounded by non-neuronal cells calledglial cells . The different parts of neurons Neurons are made up of three parts. A  cell body , also called soma (from the Greek somâ meaning […]

White matter

White matter is the part of the tissue of the central nervous system (including the brain and spinal cord) that mainly contains extensions of neurons. These extensions called axons are surrounded by a myelin sheath which is the origin of this whitish structure, as well as glial cells which nourish and protect the nerve cells. […]

The limbic system

The limbic system is one of the oldest parts of the brain. It is present in humans, but also in reptiles and fish. A term introduced by Paul MacLean in 1952, the limbic system was long considered the seat of emotions (aggressiveness, fear, pleasure, anger), representing the dialogue between the brain and the body.  Functions of the limbic system […]