Cervical spondylosis

Cervical spondylosis refers to a wear and tear changes on the discs of the neck. It is related to age. Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of cervical spondylosis. As the discs shrink with age, signs of osteoarthritis appear, with bony y extensions. Cervical spondylosis is very common and worsens with age. More than 85% of people over […]

Orthostatic headaches

Orthostatic headaches (or postural, positional headaches) are headaches that usually occur when sitting or standing and go away quite soon after lying down. Loss of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a common cause of positional headaches, but there are several others, including those associated with connective tissue, bones, and the nervous system. Symptoms A positional headache often occurs when a […]


Leukoaraiosis refers to white matter changes frequently seen in elderly patients with stroke, hypertension, vascular dementia, mood or gait disorders. The term leukoaraiosis was coined in 1986 by Hachinski, Potter and Merskey to describe a rarefaction (« araiosis ») of the white matter (leuco) located around the ventricles. These changes are observed with brain imaging techniques such […]


Leukopathy is a neurological disorder characterized more precisely by a lesion of the white matter whatever the cause of the lesion. Leukopathy comes from the Greek leuco = white and from pathos = disease.  Leukoencephalopathy is also a medical term used by the physicians. Most of the time, it is accompanied by blood circulation problems in the […]

Xanax: how long does its effect last?

Alprazolam (Xanax) is a drug useful for certain mental health problems. It works quickly and stays in the body long after the effects disappear. Doctors often prescribe Xanax for generalized anxiety or panic disorder. It is one of the most widely used drugs to treat this disease. It belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines . It works by increasing the […]

Facial numbness

Facial numbness is an absence or loss of sensation in any part of the body. It can be a symptom of many health problems, such as migraine and allergies. Numbness usually occurs as a result of nerve damage or disruption of nerve function. Numbness is a loss of sensation in any part of your body.  […]

Differentiating Between Primary and Secondary Insomnia

The Two Faces of Insomnia The sleep disorder known as insomnia affects millions of adults all over the world. It is characterised by regular sleep disturbances, an inability to fall asleep naturally, or relentless nightly waking that makes a full night of sleep nearly impossible to accomplish. There are several factors involved that may cause […]

How Stress Impacts Mental and Physical Health

The Stress Pandemic  It should not come as a surprise that stress is the root cause of so many of the everyday aches and pains that humans of all ages experience. However, many people remain unaware of just how dangerous the long-term effects of high stress levels are – in some cases, triggering an onset […]

Identifying and Treating Hypomagnesemia

Identifying and Treating Hypomagnesemia Affecting approximately 2% of the general population, hypomagnesemia is most commonly found in hospitalised adults over the age of 30. The reason hospitalisation is a regularly occurring overlap with this low magnesium condition is because it is difficult to retain the correct amount of magnesium while experiencing abnormal metabolic behaviour (e.g. […]